This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining.

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KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation

Click here to go to the current weekly digest or pick another article:. A plain table may be preferable. If the subject is not to be under detention, his normal schedule is ascertained in advance, so that he will not have to be released at a critical point because he has an appointment or has to go to work. This point is particularly important if the interrogatee is a defector faced with bewildering changes and in a highly emotional state.

In the book they specifically state that any use of torture is forbidden which makes me wonder when they decided to change their stance on that. Some people cannot bring themselves to provide information that puts them in an unfavorable light until, through a lengthy prefatory rationalization, they feel that they have set the stage that the interrogator will now understand why they acted as they did.

Agents, for example, are accustomed to being questioned repeatedly and professionally. During the next interrogation session with the source, a part of the taped denunciation can be played back to him if necessary. It is important that in all such gambits, A be the weaker of the two, emotionally and psychologically.

As was noted at the beginning of this section, the successful interrogation of a strongly resistant source ordinarily involves two key processes: Throughout the eleven hundred pages of the manuals, there are few mentions of democracy, human rights, or the rule of law.


If possible, audio equipment should also be used to transmit the proceedings to another room, used as a listening post. None None An acknowledgement letter, stating the request is being processed.

The sad fact is that defectors who left their homelands because they could not get along with their immediate or ultimate superiors are also likely to rebel against authorities in the new environment a fact which usually plays an important part in redefection.

As is noted in the bibliography, the investigators concluded that isolation typically creates anxiety, that anxiety intensifies the desire to be with others who share the same fear, and that only and first-born children are more anxious and less willing or able to withstand pain than later-born children.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia

Persons with intense guilt feelings may cease resistance and cooperate if punished in some way, because of the gratification induced by punishment. Although the brand of torture the CIA devised through more than a decade of trial and error may not inflict physical pain, it can still do some real damage. The purpose, then, is not to teach the reader how to be a good interrogator but rather to tell him what he must learn in order to become a good interrogator.

The effectiveness of most of the non-coercive techniques depends upon their unsettling effect. Creating a sense of unfamiliarity, disorientation and isolation seems to be the hallmarks of psychologically undermining a detainee in the purview of the KUBARK manual. In actuality this something is a sense of guilt, of the kind described above. Or they may have been “model” children who repressed all natural hostilities.

He may direct a desire for revenge inward, upon himself; in extreme cases suicide may result. Significant facts not produced during screening may be revealed. When interrogated, the exceptions are likely to make demands for money, resettlement aid, and other favors — demands that are completely out of proportion to the value of their contributions.


This manual cannot teach anyone how to be, or become, a good interrogator. Separation permits the use of a number of techniques that would not be possible otherwise.

To escape the mounting tension, the source may grasp at any face-saving reason for compliance – any explanation which will placate both his own conscience and the possible wrath of former superiors and associates if he is returned to Communist control. Two dangers are especially likely to appear during the reconnaissance.

The interrogator can abet the process by making occasional notes — or pretending to do kjbark — on items that seem important kubakr the interrogatee but are not of intelligence value. All of the techniques employed to break through an interrogation roadblock, the entire spectrum from simple isolation to hypnosis and narcosis, are essentially ways of speeding countegintelligence the process of regression. Once questioning starts, the interrogator is called upon to function at two levels.

If so, the interrogator should consider whether the same information, or confirmation of it, can be gained from another source. Pauses are also significant. The person cast in the informer’s role may have been let out a back door at the beginning of these proceedings; or if cooperative, he may continue his role.