narrative fiction.1 For my part, reflecting on metalepsis has led me to an extension and a critique of the brief section in Narrative Discourse where Gérard Genette. Metalepsis was first identified and defined by the literary theorist Gérard Genette who wrote within the context of the Structuralist movement. When Gérard Genette coined the term “metalepsis” in the fifth chapter (on. “Voice ”) of his Discours du récit, he defined it as “any intrusion by the extradiegetic.

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He also takes up the question, largely neglected, of the compositional distribution of metalepses: Ensembleorganum gerarrd it really liked it Sep 28, This distancing between the narration and the story helps the narratee to evaluate the narrative information being presented, “as the view I have of a picture depends for precision on the distance separating me from it [ For example, a narrator tells what he experienced during the day after the factand also includes his current impressions about these events.

Project MUSE – Metalepsis and Mise en Abyme

This is a rather common technique that adds diversity to the narrative act and increases the complexity of the narrative. Robert added it Dec 01, U of Nebraska P.

It is against the backdrop of a critical discussion of McHale, Wolf and other authors that Klimek sets out a theory of metalepsis, not in terms of ontology but rather of paradox. Wagner Wagner, Genetye Woody Allen enters the world of Madame Bovary. There is no embedded narrative; the whole text is on the same level.


The event-story being narrated on this first level fills a second-level position, known as intradiegetic.

But mention must also be made at this point of the model elaborated by Meyer-Minnemann and Schlickers The narrator knows more than the characters. However, this latter pair partly reduplicates and contradicts the other distinctions while the classification as a whole leaves little room for the transgressive or paradoxical nature of metalepsis.

Exterior Metalepsis

The violation metalepais levels and boundaries is not limited to narrative, and while metalepsis in its narrative form was originally studied in verbal narratives, it is not a media-specific phenomenon. Lorena Leigh marked it as to-read Apr 01, Literature in the Second Degree.

These developments have come about with metalepxis realization that metalepsis is not a mere localized stylistic device or oddity, but also that it occurs in various forms, thus calling for the elaboration of typologies, that it can be found in media other than language and is indeed a phenomenon which is not inherently bound by or restricted to narrative, and that its effects are not exclusively anti-illusionistic.

Charlie marked it as to-read Nov 29, One of the most thoroughly enjoyable constructions of enigmatic worlds within worlds is Nabokov’s Pale Fire Essentially, it functions with varying dosages of three parameters: The word twikent twice-kenned is used for once-removed metalepsis involving kennings. Transmedial Dimensions Originally, metalepsis was formulated within the scope of language-based narratives, and its study was largely reserved to works of high culture and the avant-garde.


For Genette, then, a narrative cannot in fact imitate reality, no matter how realistic; it is intended to be a fictional act of language arising from a narrative instance.

For example, one could have a hero-narrator autodiegetic narrator who uses simultaneous narration and internal focalization and whose speech is often in reported form. This book is not yet featured on Listopia.

Metalepsis: de la Figura a la Ficcion

Rather, three major types are identified: In my mind were memories of my childhood, with Mum singing every morning, her voice ringing out. Fricke It’ll already be, when I get it, of more than decent size.

Today I saw a teacher come up to a group of children at play. It would seem, then, that metalepsis has a significant role to play in transmedial narratology greard.

Metalepsis – Wikipedia

A farce is metaepsis this story became; The Crock of Milk is now its name. Taking a cue from Genette, this model provides for metalepsis of enunciation and metalepsis of the enunciate in which each functions either vertically bottom-up or top-down or horizontally, i. It is also possible to consider the effects of metalepsis through the lens of defamiliarization.

As a field of study, narratology looks at the internal mechanisms of narrative, the form taken by a narrated story.