Grotius, Hugo De Jure Praedae Commentarius. Volume II. complete, containing The collotype reproduction of the original manuscript of in the. Grotius, Hugo. De Jure Praedae Commentarius. Ex Auctoris Codice Descripsit et Vulgavit H endrik G erard Hamaker. Originally published: The Hague: Apud. Hugo Grotius also known as Huig de Groot or Hugo de Groot was a Dutch jurist. Along with the . seas accepted the right of unobstructed navigation long before Grotius wrote his De Jure Praedae (On the Law of Spoils) in the year of

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Therefore, that general title which we invoke for the seizure of previously ownerless property, does not suffice for the establishment of full legal rights Edition: During this time lawsuits were brought paredae the States of Holland by counter-remonstrant ministers and ujre over the controversy broke out in Amsterdam. The Roman juridical principle of equity, b too, has given rise to a similar procedure in regard to certain things.

Moreover, I can quite truthfully assert that certain problems bound up with the law of war and hitherto exceedingly confused, are susceptible of explanation and solution even though they will not all be expressly mentioned in this treatise on the basis of the said premisses and by the very method of demonstration herein employed. I am very grateful for the assistance that I have received from so many wonderful colleagues around the globe.

The true way, then, has been prepared for us by those jurists a of antiquity whose names we revere, and who repeatedly refer the art of civil government back to the very fount of nature.

Commentary on the Law of Prize and Booty – Online Library of Liberty

Ideological Origins of the Batavian Revolution: Property, Piracy and Punishment: In this connexion I must crave indulgence for the novelty and also, perhaps, for the prolixity of my work. Where should we begin, Rule I if not at the very beginning?

Van Heemskerck urged his employers, for example, Edition: Granting, then, that there are certain cases in which the seizure of prize or booty should be characterized as just, we have still to ascertain what cases come under that head.

The term was coined by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham — Now, the Ninth Law is applicable even to the state itself; for the state is obliged to proceed in accordance with judicial usage when involved in any contention with individuals.

Grotius was deeply involved in Dutch politics. For just as in nature, so also in every society, that is good which is reduced in the greatest possible degree to unity; and unity connotes primarily identity, but also, in a secondary sense, equivalence, so that wherever the former quality cannot exist, the latter takes its place.


But if I am not able to regain the actual piece of property involved, then that unjust possessor is nevertheless my debtor to the extent of the value of the said property. This single location in All: This has been left unchanged.

Online Library of Liberty

The prqedae process assumes various guises, but the simplest is that in which loss of ownership follows upon loss of possession, precisely as acquisition of ownership follows upon acquisition of possession. The scandal led to a public judicial hearing and a wider campaign to sway public and international opinion. The Fifth and Sixth Laws, too, are implicit in these passages: Now, every right that we possess may be dr to one of four laws: New explanation While it was readily agreed, of course, that the judicial function should be exercised by a state, there was a possibility of disagreement as to which of two states should be the one to Edition: Grotius, by claiming ‘free seas’ Freedom of the seasprovided suitable ideological justification for the Dutch breaking up of various trade monopolies through its formidable naval power and then establishing its own monopoly.

In the early 17th century the united kingdom of Spain and Portugal claimed a monopoly on trade with the East Indies.

To be sure, legal judgements are rarely rendered in consequence of causes of the first class, since the necessity for defending oneself does not admit of such delay; but interdicts against attack properly fall under this head. For at all times the state desires both to be defended and to see justice administered; and care for the common welfare is the function of all magistrates.

Grotius must have realized juree it was not fe to publish a defense of Dutch privateering in the East Indies on the eve of peace and truce negotiations between the United Provinces and Philip III of Spain and Portugal. Plato, g too, makes the following statement: Two years of reflection and study at Loevestein turned Grotius into the finest legal scholar of his age.

A prodigious learner, Hugo entered the University of Leiden when he was just eleven years old. Przedae of natural rightsgrounding just war principles in natural law. A third cause—one that a great many authorities neglect to mention—turns upon ee arising from a contract or from some similar source. At the same time, one must admit that persons who furnish grounds for war by their injurious acts, are certainly not complying with the duties imposed upon Christians, since the followers of Christ are subject to a special and solemn obligation of love and concord, surpassing the common bond that unites all mankind.


Remonstrant members of the States of Holland including Johan van Oldenbarnevelt and Hugo Grotius hure immediately arrested and imprisoned. One of its humanities graduates, H.


For some have the force of an international pact, as in the cases just mentioned; others lack that force, and these I should prefer to classify under the head of accepted custom rather than under the head of law. For in a certain sense, instruments fall into the category of parts, and a part is naturally the servant of the whole.

History of Calvinist—Arminian debate.

BPL and new ones inserted in the following sequence: The act of taking possession, and ownership Such seizure is called possessio [the act of taking possession], the forerunner of usus Edition: Grotius also developed a particular view of the atonement of Christ known as the ” Governmental ” or “Moral government” theory.

Piracy was nothing new in Asian waters, of course. Subjects that is to say, those persons who are bound by the laws of a state likewise serve as instruments of public warfare. New explanation For some persons will be of the opinion f that the thing seized is res nullius, inasmuch as the former owner has been lawfully deprived of it, and that consequently it becomes like other things so classified the property of the first party to take possession.

Formal Exposition of Article I Cf. His most lasting work, begun in prison and published during his exile in Paris, was a monumental effort to restrain such conflicts on the basis of a broad moral consensus. Monthly downloads Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart. Set up My libraries How do I set up “My libraries”? But that other law, [the Sixth,] regarding repayment for good deeds, is characterized by an equity no less manifest.

Peter Borschberg – – Grotiana 26 1: In regard to this point, we should note that John was being consulted, not by soldiers girded for battle and prepared to march against the enemy, but by those stationed in the garrisons of Judea.

Some persons, indeed, explain the passage in question by asserting that Abraham had already bound himself, before setting out on the expedition, by a vow to the effect that he would take no part of the spoil for himself.

Accordingly, in the light of the foregoing arguments and examples, I am moved to reject the authority of Innocent c and that Edition: